Complementary and Integrative Approaches to Sleep Disorders in Children

Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2023 Apr;32(2):243-272. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2022.08.008.


Sleep problems are very common in children and adolescents. Chronic insomnia is the leading cause of sleep disorders in children and adolescents. Adjunctive interventions that address low ferritin levels and vitamin D3 deficiency are helpful in children and adolescents. The addition of l-5-hydroxytryptophan, gabadone, l-theanine, Ashwagandha, omega 3 fatty acids, probiotics in bipolar disorder, and children with colic, meditation, and changing from a high-fat diet to a Mediterranean diet are also helpful adjunctive interventions. Actigraphy data should be collected in future sleep studies because subjective data may not indicate the true effect of the intervention.

Keywords: Adolescent; Autism; Child; Gabadone; Intensive lifestyle intervention; L-5-HTP; Melatonin; Omega 3 fatty acids; Sleep disorders; l-theanine.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Actigraphy
  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders* / therapy
  • Sleep Wake Disorders* / therapy
  • Surveys and Questionnaires