Stable populations and Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium

Hereditas. 2023 May 5;160(1):19. doi: 10.1186/s41065-023-00284-x.


The conditions on the mating matrix associated with a stable equilibrium are specified for an autosomal locus with five alleles. This points the way to the maintenance of Hardy-Weinberg proportions with non-random mating. The myth of random mating is exposed.

Keywords: Autosomal locus; Five alleles; Hardy-Weinberg law; Non-random mating.

Publication types

  • Letter

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetics, Population*
  • Models, Genetic
  • Population Dynamics
  • Reproduction*