Ideological framework and health development in Tanzania 1961-2000

Soc Sci Med. 1986;22(7):745-53. doi: 10.1016/0277-9536(86)90226-1.


At independence in 1961, Tanzania inherited a classic economic structure from Britain. The most immediate aims of the new government included replacing the colonial administration with trained nationals, radical change of the development philosophy and strategies and development of self-reliance in all development sectors. The Arusha Declaration of 1967 was the turning point in Tanzania and achievements in all the sectors can be measured against targets established soon after. This paper examines development in the health sector within the wider national framework.

MeSH terms

  • Delivery of Health Care / trends*
  • Developing Countries*
  • Health Education
  • Health Planning*
  • Health Policy*
  • Health Priorities
  • Humans
  • Tanzania