Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) encompasses two main subtypes: mycosis fungoides and Sezary syndrome. Global response rates for the systemic treatment of mycosis fungoides and Sezary syndrome are approximately 30%, and none of these treatments are thought to be curative. C-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CCR4) and CD25 are encouraging targets for the treatment of CTCL and are individually targeted by mogamulizumab and denileukin diftitox, respectively. We developed a novel CCR4-IL2 bispecific immunotoxin (CCR4-IL2 IT) targeting both CCR4 and CD25. CCR4-IL2 IT demonstrated superior efficacy against CCR4+ CD25+ CD30+ CTCL in an immunodeficient NSG mouse tumor model. Investigative New Drug-enabling studies of CCR4-IL2 IT are ongoing, including Good Manufacturing Practice production and toxicology studies. In this study, we compared the in vivo efficacy of CCR4-IL2 IT versus the US Food and Drug Administration-approved drug, brentuximab, using an immunodeficient mouse CTCL model. We demonstrated that CCR4-IL2 IT was significantly more effective in prolonging survival than brentuximab, and combination treatment of CCR4-IL2 IT and brentuximab was more effective than brentuximab or CCR4-IL2 IT alone in an immunodeficient NSG mouse CTCL model. Thus, CCR4-IL2 IT is a promising novel therapeutic drug candidate for CTCL treatment.
Keywords: CCR4-IL2 bispecific immunotoxin; adcetris; brentuximab vedotin; cutaneous T-cell lymphoma; diphtheria toxin; immunotoxin.
© 2023 The Authors. FEBS Open Bio published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Federation of European Biochemical Societies.