In the long term, limited fasciectomy is currently the most reliable treatment for Dupuytren's contracture. The risk for complications is significant, certainly in recurrent disease and in the presence of abundant scar tissue. Meticulous surgical technique is mandatory. Microsurgery increases magnification from four times (with surgical loupes) up to 40 times. Using the microscope in Dupuytren's surgery, a technique named microfasciectomy is likely to increase both safety and efficiency by preventing instead of treating surgical complications. Increased experience with microsurgery will benefit Dupuytren's treatment and hand surgery in general.
Keywords: Dupuytren; fasciectomy; hand; microfasciectomy; microsurgery.