Preparation of nanocomposite based on chitosan-PDCOEMA containing biosynthesized ZnO: Biological and thermal characterization

Int J Biol Macromol. 2023 Jul 1;242(Pt 1):124753. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2023.124753. Epub 2023 May 7.


In this study, poly(2-(3,5-dichloroanilino)-2-oxoethyl 2-methylprop-2-enoate) (PDCOEMA), a new synthetic polymer based on methacrylate, was synthesized and characterized. The blend of PDCOEMA with chitosan (CS) was prepared by the hydrothermal method and the DSC technique confirmed its formation. It was observed that PDCOEMA increased the thermal stability and glass transition temperature (Tg) of CS. The Tg value of the PDCOEMA-CS blend was increased at about 7 °C with the highest ZnO NPs contribution rate. PDCOEMA-CS/ZnO nanocomposites were prepared by adding ZnO NPs produced by biosynthesis at different weight ratios to the PDCOEMA-CS blend by hydrothermal method. When the thermal stability of nanocomposites determined by TGA was examined, it was observed that it increased significantly compared to CS. While the initial decomposition temperature of CS was 270 °C, this value increased to 293 °C after blending with DCOEMA, and to 317 °C with the addition of 7 % ZnO NPs. Antimicrobial, anticancer, cytotoxic, antioxidant, and wound healing properties of PDCOEMA, CS, PDCOEMA-CS blend, and nanocomposites were determined. According to the obtained results, it was observed that nanocomposites containing 5 % and 7 % ZnO NPs showed good anticancer activity against A549 cells at a dose of 10 μg/mL. The results show that the produced nanocomposites can contribute to developing CS-based materials.

Keywords: Biological properties; Chitosan; Methacrylate; Polymer blend; Thermal properties.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
  • Anti-Infective Agents*
  • Chitosan*
  • Nanocomposites*
  • Polymers
  • Zinc Oxide*


  • Chitosan
  • Zinc Oxide
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Polymers
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents