Arthroscopic modified Broström procedure achieved similar favorable short term outcomes to open procedure for chronic lateral ankle instability cases with generalized joint laxity

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2023 Sep;31(9):4043-4051. doi: 10.1007/s00167-023-07431-x. Epub 2023 May 10.


Purpose: To compare the short-term clinical outcomes of the open versus arthroscopic modified Broström procedure in generalized joint laxity (GJL) patients.

Methods: From January 2018 to January 2020, 64 consecutive patients with chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI) and GJL (Beighton score ≥ 4) were prospectively enrolled into two groups: those who underwent the open modified Broström procedure (open group, n = 32) and those who underwent the arthroscopic modified Broström procedure (arthroscopic group, n = 32). Patients underwent an open or arthroscopic modified Broström procedure based on the time when they attended the clinic for consultation. All patients were followed-up at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. The clinical outcomes were evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, and Karlsson score, and the radiographic outcomes were assessed using stress radiography at 24 months postoperatively. The time to return to work and the failure rate were also evaluated and compared.

Results: Follow-up was completed for 31 patients in the open group and 30 patients in the arthroscopic group. No significant differences were found between the two groups in terms of demographic characteristics, Beighton score (6.2 ± 1.9 vs. 5.5 ± 1.4, n.s.), or duration of symptoms. There were no significant differences in the functional scores before surgery and at 6, 12 and 24 months postoperatively or in the mean anterior translation of the talus and talar tilt angle on stress radiography at 24 months postoperatively between the open and arthroscopic groups. Compared to the open group, the arthroscopic group showed a significantly earlier return to work (6.8 ± 2.1 vs. 8.1 ± 2.4 weeks, p = 0.006). There was no significant difference in terms of the failure rate between the open and arthroscopic groups (16.1% vs. 23.3%, n.s.).

Conclusion: Arthroscopic modified Broström procedure achieved similar short-term outcomes to the open procedure for GJL patients. Arthroscopic modified Broström procedure showed an earlier return to work than the open modified Broström procedure and was an alternative to open surgery for CLAI patients with GJL.

Level of evidence: III.

Clinical trial registration: This study is a prospective study NCT05284188.

Keywords: Arthroscopy; Chronic lateral ankle instability; Generalized joint laxity; Modified Broström procedure.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Ankle
  • Ankle Joint / surgery
  • Arthroscopy / methods
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability* / surgery
  • Lateral Ligament, Ankle* / surgery
  • Orthopedics*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retrospective Studies

Associated data