Return to Preinjury-Level Sports After Arthroscopic Latarjet for Recurrent Anterior Shoulder Instability in Professional Athletes

Orthop J Sports Med. 2023 May 4;11(5):23259671231166371. doi: 10.1177/23259671231166371. eCollection 2023 May.


Background: The Latarjet procedure is recommended to treat recurrent anterior shoulder instability with glenoid bone loss. Longer return-to-sport (RTS) times have been reported after the open Latarjet when compared with the arthroscopic Latarjet.

Purpose: To assess the clinical outcomes and RTS in athletes who underwent an arthroscopic Latarjet.

Study design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4.

Methods: This study included 46 professional athletes with recurrent anterior shoulder instability who underwent an arthroscopic Latarjet between 2010 and 2016. Patients were divided by type of sport: noncollision and nonoverhead (n = 22), collision and martial arts (n = 13), and overhead (n = 11). Sport activity was evaluated with the Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic (KJOC) score, Subjective Patient Outcome for Return to Sports score, and RTS time. Clinical results were evaluated by Constant-Murley score, Walch-Duplay score, and range of external and internal rotation. Complication rates, recurrence of shoulder instability, and number of revision procedures were recorded. Correlation tests were used to assess the relationship between measured parameters.

Results: The mean ± SD patient age was 27.1 ± 7.3 years, and the mean follow-up was 50.7 ± 18 months. Overall, 44 patients (95.7%) returned to their previously practiced sports, and 40 (87%) returned to their preinjury levels. The RTS time was 5 ± 1.4 months, with no significant difference among sport types. KJOC and Subjective Patient Outcome for Return to Sports scores were 95.2 ± 5.6 and 9.5 ± 1, respectively. Significant pre- to postoperative improvement was seen on the Constant-Murley score (from 54.3 ± 9.4 to 87.9 ± 8.2; P = .001) and Walch-Duplay score (from 53.7 ± 7.3 to 88.1 ± 10.7; P = .001). Mean postoperative external and internal rotation was 72.8° ± 18.6° and 81.3° ± 11.3°. Procedure-related complications occurred in 10 patients (21.7%); recurrence of shoulder instability was observed in 4 (8.7%); and 4 (8.7%) underwent revision surgery. A worse Walch-Duplay score was significantly associated with longer RTS time (r = -0.39; P = .019) and lower KJOC score (r = 0.29; P = .03).

Conclusion: There was a 95.7% RTS rate after the arthroscopic Latarjet procedure, although the procedure was not free from complications.

Keywords: arthroscopic Latarjet; athletes; professional athletes; return to sport after shoulder surgery; shoulder instability.