Final analysis of carfilzomib, dexamethasone, and daratumumab vs carfilzomib and dexamethasone in the CANDOR study

Blood Adv. 2023 Jul 25;7(14):3739-3748. doi: 10.1182/bloodadvances.2023010026.


CANDOR (NCT03158688) is a phase 3, randomized, open-label trial comparing carfilzomib, daratumumab, and dexamethasone (KdD) vs carfilzomib and dexamethasone (Kd) in adults with relapsed/refectory multiple myeloma (RRMM) with 1 to 3 prior therapies. The CANDOR study met its primary end point of progression-free survival (PFS) in the primary analysis. Here, we report the final analysis of the study, including secondary end points and subgroup analyses thereof. The median follow-up was 50 months. Patients treated with KdD had higher minimal residual disease-negative (MRD-) achievement rates (28% vs 9%; odds ratio [OR], 4.22; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 2.28-7.83) and MRD- complete response rates (22% vs 8%; OR, 3.55; 95% CI, 1.83-6.88) than those treated with Kd. Median PFS was 28.4 months for KdD vs 15.2 months for Kd (hazard ratio [HR], 0.64; 95% CI, 0.49-0.83). Median overall survival (OS) for KdD was 50.8 months vs 43.6 months for Kd (HR, 0.78 [0.60-1.03]; P = .042). Trends toward improved OS occurred in predefined subgroups, including patients refractory to lenalidomide (KdD, not reached vs Kd, 38.2 months; HR, 0.69 [0.43-1.11]) and refractory to proteasome inhibitor (KdD, 43.2 months vs Kd, 30.0 months; HR, 0.70 [0.45-1.09]), and there was significant improvement in patients with high-risk cytogenetics (KdD, 34.3 months vs Kd: 17.1 months; HR, 0.52 [0.29-0.94]). No new safety signals were identified. In summary, the final analysis of CANDOR confirmed the PFS benefit and showed a trend in OS benefit with KdD vs Kd. These findings reinforce KdD as a standard of care for RRMM, especially in clinically relevant patient subgroups. This trial was registered at as #NCT03158688.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols* / adverse effects
  • Dexamethasone / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Multiple Myeloma*


  • carfilzomib
  • daratumumab
  • Dexamethasone

Associated data