With the growing population of older persons, medical students have to be well prepared for older persons' health care during medical school. Becoming a doctor is an interplay of building competencies and developing a professional identity. Professional identity formation of medical students is a relatively new educational concept in geriatric medical education. This review aims to explore the concept of professional identity formation of undergraduate medical students in relation to the care of older persons. Twenty-three peer-reviewed studies were included and summarized narratively. Patient-centeredness, caring and compassion, collaboration and holistic care are characteristics of the doctor's professional identity in relation to the care of older persons. Participating in the context of older persons' health care contributes to the becoming of a doctor in general. In this context, the building of relationships with older persons, participating in their lives and role models are important influencers of professional identity formation. Furthermore, the perceptions and expectations medical students have of future doctoring influence their feelings about the care of older persons. To prepare medical students for older persons' health care, professional identity formation seems to be a relevant educational concept.
Keywords: Professional identity formation; geriatrics; medical students; older persons; undergraduate medical education.