Clinical and Urodynamic results of the Argus T® sling in moderate and severe male stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy - a 5 year prospective study

Int Braz J Urol. 2023 Jul-Aug;49(4):452-461. doi: 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2023.0003.

Abstract

Purpose: Sling as a therapeutic option for male stress urinary incontinence (SUI) has been reviewed in the last two decades, as it is a relatively simpliest surgery compared to artificial urinary sphincter and has the ability to modulate urethral compression. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy, rate of complications, quality of life and the effects on bladder emptying of the Argus T® compressive and ajustable sling in moderate and severe male SUI treatment.

Materials and methods: Men eligible for stress urinary incontinence treatment after radical prostatectomy were recruited and prospectively evaluated, from March 2010 to November 2016. It was selected outpatient men with moderate and severe SUI, after 12 months of radical prostatectomy, who have failed conservative treatment. All patients had a complete clinical and urodynamic pre and post treatment evaluation, by means of clinical history, physical examination, urine culture, 1-hour pad test and ICIq-SF questionnaire. The UDS was performed after 12, 18 and 24 months postoperatively.

Results: Thirty-seven men underwent sling surgery, 19 patients (51.4%) with moderate and 18 (48.6%) with severe SUI. The minimum follow-up time was 5 years. Overall, we had a success rate of 56.7% at 60 months follow-up. After surgery, we did not observe significant changes in the urodynamic parameters evaluated during the follow-up. No patient had urodynamic bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) after sling implantation. Readjustment of the Argus T® sling was performed in 16 (41%) of the patients and 51% of the patients reported some adverse event.

Conclusion: We demonstrate a long-term efficacy and safety of Sling Argus T® as an alternative to moderate and severe male SUI treatment. Furthermore, in our study bulbar urethra compression does not lead to bladder outlet obstruction.

Keywords: Suburethral Slings; Urinary Incontinence, Stress; Urodynamics.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prostatectomy / adverse effects
  • Prostatectomy / methods
  • Quality of Life
  • Suburethral Slings* / adverse effects
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction* / etiology
  • Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction* / surgery
  • Urinary Incontinence, Stress* / etiology
  • Urinary Incontinence, Stress* / surgery
  • Urodynamics