In this study, a mild two-stage hydrothermal pretreatment was employed to optimally valorize industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa sp.) fibrous waste into sugars for Poly(3-hydroxybuyrate) (PHB) production using recombinant Escherichia coli LSBJ. Biomass was pretreated using hot water at 160, 180, and 200 °C for 5 and 10 min (15% solids), followed by disk refining. The sugar yields during enzymatic hydrolysis were found to improve with increasing temperature and the yields for hot water-disk refining pretreatment (HWDM) were higher compared to only hot water pretreatment at all conditions. The maximum glucose (56 g/L) and cellulose conversion (92%) were achieved for HWDM at 200 °C for 10 min. The hydrolysate obtained was fermented at a sugar concentration of 20 g/L. The PHB inclusion and concentration of 48% and 1.8 g/L, respectively, were similar to those from pure sugars. A pH-controlled fermentation resulted in a near bi-fold increase in PHB yield (3.46 g/L).
Keywords: Bioplastics; Industrial hemp; Mild pretreatment; Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate); Recombinant Escherichia coli.
Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.