Characteristics of the ID-NOW™ test for the rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2

Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol. 2023 Winter;72(1):3-8.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of the Abbott ID-NOW™ test in the diagnosis of COVID-19. The test is based on the detection of the SARS-CoV-2 gene by isothermal amplification technology.

Methods: From 303 individuals, two nasopharyngeal swabs and one oropharyngeal swab were collected to be tested in parallel by the ID-NOW™ test and PCR test (Allplex™ SARS-CoV-2 Assay). A subgroup of 107 individuals presented to the public collection point for covid-19 at the Motol University Hospital during the dominance of the Delta variant, and the others were tested via the Adult Emergency Admission Department during the dominance of the Omicron variant.

Results: Of 297 valid samples, 43 were positive by the PCR assay and 33 were positive by the ID-NOW™ test (sensitivity 76.74%; 95% CI 61.37 to 88.24%). ID-NOW™ detected three samples as positive, but the positivity was not confirmed by PCR (specificity 98.82%; 95% CI 96.59 to 99.76%). A significant increase in sensitivity up to 100% is observed for samples with a higher viral load (with a PCR threshold cycle value below 30 or from patients with symptoms of COVID-19). The Delta or Omicron variant has no significant effect on the sensitivity of the test.

Conclusion: Due to its ease of use and speed of result, ID-NOW™ is a suitable diagnostic tool for prompt assessment of a patient's infectivity. If, despite the negative ID-NOW™ result, the patient has symptoms of COVID-19, it is advised to perform a classic PCR test for SARS-CoV-2.

Keywords: ID-NOW™; POCT; SARS-CoV-2; sensitivity.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • COVID-19 Testing
  • COVID-19* / diagnosis
  • Clinical Laboratory Techniques
  • Humans
  • SARS-CoV-2* / genetics
  • Sensitivity and Specificity

Supplementary concepts

  • SARS-CoV-2 variants