A novel strictly anaerobic sulfate-reducing diazotrophic bacterium Fundidesulfovibrio terrae sp. nov., isolated from paddy soil

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2023 May;73(5). doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.005880.


A strictly anaerobic sulfate-reducing strain, designated SG127T, was isolated from paddy soil. SG127T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strain of Fundidesulfovibrio magnetotacticus (98.2 %). A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that SG127T clustered with members of the genus Fundidesulfovibrio. Growth of SG127T was observed at 20-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 5.5-9.0 (optimum, 7.0-8.0) and with 0-0.2 % (w/v) NaCl (optimally without NaCl). SG127T contained MK-7 as the only menaquinone and anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 1ω9c, C18 : 0, iso-C14 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16:0, iso-C16 : 1H, iso-C18 : 1H and summed feature nine as the major fatty acids. The genomic DNA G+C content of SG127T was 64.6 %. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between SG127T and the closely related Fundidesulfovibrio magnetotacticus were 78.5% and 23.2 %, respectively, which were lower than the cut-off values (ANI 95-96% and dDDH 70 %) for prokaryotic species delineation. SG127T had desulfoviridin, possessed nitrogen fixation genes (nifHDK) and actively fixed nitrogen according to the acetylene reduction assay. On the basis of these results, strain SG127T represents a novel species of the genus Fundidesulfovibrio, for which the name Fundidesulfovibrio terrae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SG127T (= GDMCC 1.3137T = JCM 35589T).

Keywords: Fundidesulfovibrio terrae; nitrogen fixation; rice field; sulfate reduction.

MeSH terms

  • Anaerobiosis
  • Bacteria / genetics
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Base Composition
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Fatty Acids* / chemistry
  • Phospholipids / chemistry
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Soil*
  • Sulfates


  • Fatty Acids
  • Soil
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Sulfates
  • Sodium Chloride
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Phospholipids