Background: Hearing loss is a rare hereditary deficit that is rather common among consanguineous populations. Autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss is the predominant form of hearing loss worldwide. Although prevalent, hearing loss is extremely heterogeneous and poses a pitfall in terms of diagnosis and screening. Using next-generation sequencing has enabled a rapid increase in the identification rate of genes and variants in heterogeneous conditions, including hearing loss. We aimed to identify the causative variants in two consanguineous Yemeni families affected with hearing loss using targeted next-generation sequencing (clinical exome sequencing). The proband of each family was presented with sensorineural hearing loss as indicated by pure-tone audiometry results.
Results: We explored variants obtained from both families, and our analyses collectively revealed the presence and segregation of two novel loss-of-function variants: a frameshift variant, c.6347delA in MYO15A in Family I, and a splice site variant, c.5292-2A > C, in OTOF in Family II. Sanger sequencing and PCR-RFLP of DNA samples from 130 deaf and 50 control individuals confirmed that neither variant was present in our in-house database. In silico analyses predicted that each variant has a pathogenic effect on the corresponding protein.
Conclusions: We describe two novel loss-of-function variants in MYO15A and OTOF that cause autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss in Yemeni families. Our findings are consistent with previously reported pathogenic variants in the MYO15A and OTOF genes in Middle Eastern individuals and suggest their implication in hearing loss.
Keywords: Clinical exome sequencing; Frameshift mutation; MYO15A gene; Non-syndromic hearing loss; OTOF gene; Splice site mutation; Target enrichment panel.
© 2023. The Author(s).