Hydrogels in endovascular embolization. I. Spherical particles of poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) and their medico-biological properties

Biomaterials. 1986 May;7(3):188-92. doi: 10.1016/0142-9612(86)90100-6.


Spherical macroporous particles based on poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) with defined porosity, swelling and morphology have been developed, and are suitable for endovascular occlusion of various organs. Unlike cylindrical particles, spherical particles are specifically suited for transcatheteral introduction. The method chosen for the preparation of such particles was suspension radical polymerization, where the monomers were dissolved in a mixture of higher-boiling alcohols, and the solution dispersed in water. Physicochemical and medico-biological properties of spherical particles were examined. The residual amounts of monomers and other low-molecular compounds were checked; haematological analyses showed that the value 10(-5) g/g of the polymer was not toxic and contributed to an irreversible aggregation of thrombocytes. The occlusion effect in the vascular lumen was stable. The histomorphological results fully demonstrated the perfect biocompatibility of artificial spherical emboli. The latter met the requirements of application to clinical practice.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biocompatible Materials* / toxicity
  • Connective Tissue / anatomy & histology
  • Connective Tissue / drug effects
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / methods*
  • Hydrogel, Polyethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate
  • Particle Size
  • Polyethylene Glycols
  • Polyhydroxyethyl Methacrylate* / toxicity
  • Polymethacrylic Acids* / toxicity
  • Rabbits
  • Water


  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Polymethacrylic Acids
  • Water
  • Polyhydroxyethyl Methacrylate
  • Hydrogel, Polyethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate
  • Polyethylene Glycols