Leucobacter allii sp. nov. and Leucobacter rhizosphaerae sp. nov., isolated from rhizospheres of onion and garlic, respectively

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2023 May;73(5). doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.005883.


Three bacterial strains, H21R-40T and H21R-36 from garlic (Allium sativum) and H25R-14T from onion (Allium cepa), were isolated from plant rhizospheres sampled in the Republic of Korea. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed the highest sequence similarity of strain H21R-40T to Leucobacter celer subsp. astrifaciens CBX151T (97.3 %) and Leucobacter triazinivorans JW-1T (97.2 %), and strain H25R-14T to Leucobacter insecticola HDW9BT (98.8 %) and Leucobacter humi Re6T (98.4 %), while the sequence similarity between strains H21R-40T and H21R-36 was 99.8 %. According to the phylogenomic tree, strains H21R-40T with H21R-36 formed an independent clade separable from other Leucobacter species within the genus Leucobacter and strain H25R-14T clustered with Leucobacter insecticola HDW9BT, Leucobacter coleopterorum HDW9AT and Leucobacter viscericola HDW9CT. Strains H21R-40T and H21R-36 had orthologous average nucleotide identity (OrthoANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values (98.1 % and 86.9 %, respectively) higher than the threshold ranges for species delineation (95-96 % and 70 %, respectively). The OrthoANI and dDDH values between two strains (H21R-40T and H25R-14T) and the type strains of species of the genus Leucobacter were lower than 81 and 24 %, respectively. The peptidoglycan type of three strains was type B1. The major menaquinones and major polar lipids of the strains were MK-11 and MK-10, and diphosphatidylglycerol, phatidylglycerol and an unidentified glycolipid, respectively. The major fatty acids (more than 10 % of the total fatty acids) of strains H21R-40T and H21R-36 were anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0, and those of strain H25R-14T were anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic data obtained in this study showed that the strains represent two novel species of the genus Leucobacter, named Leucobacter allii sp. nov. (H21R-40T and H21R-36) and Leucobacter rhizosphaerae sp. nov. (H25R-14T). The respective type strains are H21R-40T (=DSM 114348T=JCM 35241T=KACC 21839T=NBRC 115481T) and H25R-14T (=DSM 114346T=JCM 35239T=KACC 21837T=NBRC 115479T).

Keywords: Allium cepa; Allium sativum; Leucobacter allii sp. nov.; Leucobacter rhizosphaerae sp. nov..

MeSH terms

  • Actinomycetales*
  • Antioxidants
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Base Composition
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Fatty Acids / chemistry
  • Garlic* / genetics
  • Onions
  • Phospholipids
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Rhizosphere
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Vitamin K 2


  • Fatty Acids
  • Phospholipids
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Vitamin K 2
  • Antioxidants

Supplementary concepts

  • Leucobacter celer subsp. astrifaciens