GAIA-Universe: Everything is Super-Netify

IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell. 2023 Oct;45(10):11856-11868. doi: 10.1109/TPAMI.2023.3276392. Epub 2023 Sep 5.


Pre-training on large-scale datasets has played an increasingly significant role in computer vision and natural language processing recently. However, as there exist numerous application scenarios that have distinctive demands such as certain latency constraints and specialized data distributions, it is prohibitively expensive to take advantage of large-scale pre-training for per-task requirements. we focus on two fundamental perception tasks (object detection and semantic segmentation) and present a complete and flexible system named GAIA-Universe(GAIA), which could automatically and efficiently give birth to customized solutions according to heterogeneous downstream needs through data union and super-net training. GAIA is capable of providing powerful pre-trained weights and searching models that conform to downstream demands such as hardware constraints, computation constraints, specified data domains, and telling relevant data for practitioners who have very few datapoints on their tasks. With GAIA, we achieve promising results on COCO, Objects365, Open Images, BDD100 k, and UODB which is a collection of datasets including KITTI, VOC, WiderFace, DOTA, Clipart, Comic, and more. Taking COCO as an example, GAIA is able to efficiently produce models covering a wide range of latency from 16 ms to 53 ms, and yields AP from 38.2 to 46.5 without whistles and bells. GAIA is released at