Prognostic factors in patients with uterine sarcoma: the SARCUT study

Int J Gynecol Cancer. 2023 Jun 5;33(6):897-904. doi: 10.1136/ijgc-2022-004204.


Objective: Uterine sarcomas are a rare and heterogeneous group of malignancies that include different histological sub-types. The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate the impact of the different prognostic factors on overall survival and disease-free survival of patients with uterine sarcoma.

Methods: This international multicenter retrospective study included 683 patients diagnosed with uterine sarcoma at 46 different institutions between January 2001 and December 2007.

Results: The 5-year overall survival for leiomyosarcoma, endometrial stromal sarcoma, undifferentiated sarcoma, and adenosarcoma was 65.3%, 78.3%, 52.4%, and 89.5%, respectively, and the 5-year disease-free survival was 54.3%, 68.1%, 40.3%, and 85.3%, respectively. The 10-year overall survival for leiomyosarcoma, endometrial stromal sarcoma, undifferentiated sarcoma and adenosarcoma was 52.6%, 64.8%, 52.4%, and 79.5%, respectively, and the 10-year disease-free survival was 44.7%, 53.3%, 40.3%, and 77.5%, respectively. The most significant factor associated with overall survival in all types of sarcoma except for adenosarcoma was the presence of residual disease after primary treatment. In adenosarcoma, disease stage at diagnosis was the most important factor (hazard ratio 17.7; 95% CI 2.86 to 109.93).

Conclusion: Incomplete cytoreduction, tumor persistence, advanced stage, extra-uterine and tumor margin involvement, and the presence of necrosis were relevant prognostic factors significantly affecting overall survival in uterine sarcoma. The presence of lymph vascular space involvement and administration of adjuvant chemotherapy were significantly associated with a higher risk of relapse.

Keywords: sarcoma; uterine cancer.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adenosarcoma* / pathology
  • Adenosarcoma* / therapy
  • Endometrial Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leiomyosarcoma* / pathology
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  • Pelvic Neoplasms*
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sarcoma* / diagnosis
  • Sarcoma, Endometrial Stromal* / pathology
  • Sarcoma, Endometrial Stromal* / therapy
  • Uterine Neoplasms* / pathology