Genome mining of Pseudomonas spp. hints towards the production of under-pitched secondary metabolites

3 Biotech. 2023 Jun;13(6):182. doi: 10.1007/s13205-023-03607-x. Epub 2023 May 12.


The recent advances in omics and computational analysis have enabled the capacity to identify the exclusive strain-specific metabolites and novel biosynthetic gene clusters. This study analyzed eight strains of P. aurantiaca including GS1, GS3, GS4, GS6, GS7, FS2, ARS38, PBSt2, one strain of P. chlororaphis RP4, one strain of P. aeruginosa (At1RP4), and one strain of P. fluorescens (RS1) for the production of rhamnolipids, quorum-sensing signals, and osmolytes. Seven rhamnolipid derivatives were variably detected in fluorescent pseudomonads. These rhamnolipids included Rha-C10-C8, Rha-Rha-C10-C10, Rha-C10-C12db, Rha-C10-C10, Rha-Rha-C10-C12, Rha-C10-C12, and Rha-Rha-C10-C12db. Pseudomonas spp. also showed the variable production of osmoprotectants including N-acetyl glutaminyl glutamine amide (NAGGN), betaine, ectoine, and trehalose. Betaine and ectoine were produced by all pseudomonads, however, NAGGN and trehalose were observed by five and three strains, respectively. Four strains including P. chlororaphis (RP4), P. aeruginosa (At1RP4), P. fluorescens (RS1), and P. aurantiaca (PBSt2) were exposed to 1- 4% NaCl concentrations and evaluated for the changes in phenazine production profile which were negligible. AntiSMASH 5.0 platform showed 50 biosynthetic gene clusters in PB-St2, of which 23 (45%) were classified as putative gene clusters with ClusterFinder algorithm, five (10%) were classified as non-ribosomal peptides synthetases (NRPS), five (10%) as saccharides, and four (8%) were classified as putative fatty acids. The genomic attributes and comprehensive insights into the metabolomic profile of these Pseudomonas spp. strains showcase their phytostimulatory, phyto-protective, and osmoprotective effects of diverse crops grown in normal and saline soils.

Supplementary information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s13205-023-03607-x.

Keywords: Biosynthetic gene clusters; Genome mining; Osmolytes; Pseudomonas aurantiaca; Pyrrolnitrin; Rhamnolipids.