Different gastric, pancreatic, and biliary responses to solid-liquid or homogenized meals

Dig Dis Sci. 1979 Feb;24(2):101-10. doi: 10.1007/BF01324736.


We have compared responses to an ordinary solid-liquid (S) meal and to a homogenized (H) meal of identical composition (sirloin steak, bread, butter, ice cream with chocolate syrup, and water) by measuring simultaneously postprandial gastric, pancreatic, and biliary functions by marker-perfusion techniques. Responses to each (S or H) meals differed strikingly both in magnitude and pattern. S meals elicited a stronger early gastric secretory response (acid, pepsin, and volume) which compensated for faster initial emptying and resulted in higher gastric acidity and volume than after H meals. Further, nutrients ingested with S meals were emptied at a slower rate than H (as evidenced by a more gradual decline in intragastric buffer and osmolality, as well as time required for complete emptying of the meal). This, in turn, prolonged pancreatic and biliary responses since stimulation of these organs continued for as long as meal was delivered into the duodenum. However, early biliary outputs (gallbladder response) were less after S than H, probably because nutrients entered the duodenum more slowly and were initially diluted by rapidly emptying water. The physical characteristics of each meal (encompassing appearance, taste, and form of ingestion) probably accounted for early differences in digestive responses. Later, interactions between gastric (motor and secretory), pancreatic, and biliary functions played a major role. Our findings suggest that gastric, pancreatic, and biliary responses to liquid test meals introduced into the stomach may differ substantially from the presumably more physiological response to ordinary solid-liquid meals.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Bile / metabolism*
  • Bile Acids and Salts / metabolism
  • Carbon Radioisotopes
  • Duodenum / physiology
  • Female
  • Food
  • Gallbladder / physiology
  • Gastric Acidity Determination
  • Gastric Emptying*
  • Gastric Juice / metabolism*
  • Gastrins / blood
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Pancreatic Juice / enzymology
  • Pancreatic Juice / metabolism*
  • Pepsin A / metabolism
  • Secretory Rate
  • Time Factors
  • Trypsin / metabolism
  • Water


  • Bile Acids and Salts
  • Carbon Radioisotopes
  • Gastrins
  • Water
  • Trypsin
  • Pepsin A