Association of Somatic ATP2A2 Damaging Variants With Grover Disease

JAMA Dermatol. 2023 Jul 1;159(7):745-749. doi: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2023.1139.


Importance: Grover disease (GD), a truncal eruption that typically occurs in older individuals, is exacerbated by sweating, irradiation, cancers, medications, kidney failure, and organ transplantation. The pathobiology of GD remains unknown.

Objective: To determine if damaging somatic single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) are associated with GD.

Design, setting, and participants: In this retrospective case series, we identified consecutive patients from a dermatopathology archive over a 4-year period (January 2007 to December 2011) who had 1 biopsy with a clinical diagnosis of GD confirmed via histopathologic findings and another non-GD biopsy. Participant DNA was extracted from both biopsy tissues and sequenced to high depth with a 51-gene panel to screen for SNVs in genes previously associated with acantholysis and Mendelian disorders of cornification. Analysis took place between 2021 and 2023.

Main outcomes and measures: Comparative analysis of sequencing data from paired GD and control tissue was employed to identify SNVs predicted to affect gene function, which were exclusive to, or highly enriched in, GD tissue.

Results: Overall, 12 of 15 cases of GD (12 men and 3 women; mean [SD] age, 68.3 [10.0] years) were associated with C>T or G>A ATP2A2 SNVs in GD tissue; all were predicted to be highly damaging via combined annotation dependent depletion (CADD) scores, and 4 were previously associated with Darier disease. In 9 cases (75%), the GD-associated ATP2A2 SNV was absent from control tissue DNA, and in 3 cases (25%), ATP2A2 SNVs were enriched 4- to 22-fold in GD vs control tissue.

Conclusions and relevance: In this case series study of 15 patients, damaging somatic ATP2A2 SNVs were associated with GD. This discovery expands the spectrum of acantholytic disorders associated with ATP2A2 SNVs and highlights the role of somatic variation in acquired disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Acantholysis* / genetics
  • Acantholysis* / pathology
  • Aged
  • Darier Disease / genetics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ichthyosis* / diagnosis
  • Ichthyosis* / genetics
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases*


  • ATP2A2 protein, human
  • Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases

Supplementary concepts

  • Grover's disease