1-Deoxynojirimycin promotes cardiac function and rescues mitochondrial cristae in mitochondrial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

J Clin Invest. 2023 Jul 17;133(14):e164660. doi: 10.1172/JCI164660.


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most prominent cause of sudden cardiac death in young people. Due to heterogeneity in clinical manifestations, conventional HCM drugs have limitations for mitochondrial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Discovering more effective compounds would be of substantial benefit for further elucidating the pathogenic mechanisms of HCM and treating patients with this condition. We previously reported the MT-RNR2 variant associated with HCM that results in mitochondrial dysfunction. Here, we screened a mitochondria-associated compound library by quantifying the mitochondrial membrane potential of HCM cybrids and the survival rate of HCM-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) in galactose media. 1-Deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) was identified to rescue mitochondrial function by targeting optic atrophy protein 1 (OPA1) to promote its oligomerization, leading to reconstruction of the mitochondrial cristae. DNJ treatment further recovered the physiological properties of HCM iPSC-CMs by improving Ca2+ homeostasis and electrophysiological properties. An angiotensin II-induced cardiac hypertrophy mouse model further verified the efficacy of DNJ in promoting cardiac mitochondrial function and alleviating cardiac hypertrophy in vivo. These results demonstrated that DNJ could be a potential mitochondrial rescue agent for mitochondrial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Our findings will help elucidate the mechanism of HCM and provide a potential therapeutic strategy.

Keywords: Cardiology; Cardiovascular disease; Mitochondria; Stem cells; iPS cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 1-Deoxynojirimycin* / metabolism
  • 1-Deoxynojirimycin* / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Cardiomegaly / drug therapy
  • Cardiomegaly / genetics
  • Cardiomegaly / metabolism
  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic* / drug therapy
  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic* / genetics
  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic* / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / metabolism


  • 1-Deoxynojirimycin

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