Adolescent Decision-Making Involvement in the Receipt of Genomic Testing Results

J Pediatr. 2023 Aug:259:113492. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2023.113492. Epub 2023 May 16.


Objective: To examine hypothesized predictors of adolescent and parent involvement in the decision about which genomic results to receive.

Study design: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study during phase 3 of the electronic Medical Records and Genomics (eMERGE) Network. Dyads reported on how they preferred to make choices (adolescent only, parent only, or jointly). Dyads used a decision tool to choose independently the categories of genetic testing results they wanted. We summarized independent choices, identifying initially discordant dyads. After a facilitated discussion, dyads made a joint decision. Dyads then completed the Decision-Making Involvement Scale (DMIS). We conducted bivariate correlations between DMIS subscale scores and the following hypothesized predictors: adolescent age, preference for adolescent to make their own decision, and discordance on initial independent choices.

Results: The sample included 163 adolescents, aged 13-17 years and parents (86.5% mothers). Dyads lacked agreement on how they wanted to make the final decision (weighted kappa statistic 0.04; 95% CI -0.08 to 0.16). These preferences, as well as the adolescent's age and adolescent-parent discordance on initial choices for specific categories of genetic testing results to receive, were associated with subsequent decision-making involvement behaviors as measured by DMIS subscales. Dyads with discordant initial preferences had significantly greater scores on the DMIS Joint/Options subscale than those with concordant initial preferences (adolescent report M [SD] 2.46 [0.60] vs 2.10 [0.68], P < .001).

Conclusions: Through facilitated discussion, adolescents and parents can work together and reach agreement about receipt of genomic screening results.

Keywords: decision-making involvement; genomic testing.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior*
  • Decision Making*
  • Genetic Testing
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Parents