Halomicroarcula laminariae sp. nov. and Halomicroarcula marina sp. nov., extremely halophilic archaea isolated from salted brown alga Laminaria and coastal saline-alkali lands

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2023 May;73(5). doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.005889.


Four extremely halophilic archaeal strains, LYG-108T, LYG-24, DT1T and YSSS71, were isolated from salted Laminaria produced in Lianyungang and saline soil from the coastal beach at Jiangsu, PR China. The four strains were found to be related to the current species of Halomicroarcula (showing 88.1-98.5% and 89.3-93.6% similarities, respectively) as revealed by phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA and rpoB' genes. These phylogenies were fully supported by the phylogenomic analysis, and the overall genome-related indexes (average nucleotide identity, DNA-DNA hybridization and average amino acid identity) among these four strains and the Halomicroarcula species were 77-84 %, 23-30 % and 71-83 %, respectively, clearly below the threshold values for species demarcation. Additionally, the phylogenomic and comparative genomic analyses revealed that Halomicroarcula salina YGH18T is related to the current species of Haloarcula rather than those of Halomicroarcula, Haloarcula salaria Namwong et al. 2011 is a later heterotypic synonym of Haloarcula argentinensis Ihara et al. 1997, and Haloarcula quadrata Oren et al. 1999 is a later heterotypic synonym of Haloarcula marismortui Oren et al. 1990. The major polar lipids of strains LYG-108T, LYG-24, DT1T and YSSS71 were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulphate, sulphated mannosyl glucosyl diether and additional glycosyl-cardiolipins. All these results showed that strains LYG-108T (=CGMCC 1.13607T=JCM 32950T) and LYG-24 (=CGMCC 1.13605=JCM 32949) represent a new species of the genus Halomicroarcula, for which the name Halomicroarcula laminariae sp. nov. is proposed; strains DT1T (=CGMCC 1.18928T=JCM 35414T) and YSSS71 (=CGMCC 1.18783=JCM 34915) also represent a new species of the genus Halomicroarcula, for which the name Halomicroarcula marina sp. nov. is proposed.

Keywords: Halomicroarcula laminariae sp. nov.; Halomicroarcula marina sp. nov.; coastal saline-alkali land; halophilic archaea; salted brown alga.

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Base Composition
  • China
  • Comparative Genomic Hybridization
  • DNA, Archaeal / genetics
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Fatty Acids / chemistry
  • Glycolipids / chemistry
  • Haloarcula*
  • Halobacteriaceae*
  • Halobacteriales*
  • Laminaria*
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sodium Chloride


  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Glycolipids
  • Fatty Acids
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Sodium Chloride
  • DNA, Archaeal