Intraputaminal Gene Delivery in Two Patients with Aromatic L-Amino Acid Decarboxylase Deficiency

Mov Disord Clin Pract. 2023 Feb 24;10(5):811-818. doi: 10.1002/mdc3.13685. eCollection 2023 May.


Background: Aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency (AADCD) is a rare, early-onset, dyskinetic encephalopathy mostly reflecting a defective synthesis of brain dopamine and serotonin. Intracerebral gene delivery (GD) provided a significant improvement among AADCD patients (mean age, ≤6 years).

Objective: We describe the clinical, biological, and imaging evolution of two AADCD patients ages >10 years after GD.

Methods: Eladocagene exuparvovec, a recombinant adeno-associated virus containing the human complimentary DNA encoding the AADC enzyme, was administered into bilateral putamen by stereotactic surgery.

Results: Eighteen months after GD, patients showed improvement in motor, cognitive and behavioral function, and in quality of life. Cerebral l-6-[18F] fluoro-3, 4-dihydroxyphenylalanine uptake was increased at 1 month, persisting at 1 year compared to baseline.

Conclusion: Two patients with a severe form of AADCD had an objective motor and non-motor benefit from eladocagene exuparvovec injection even when treated after the age of 10 years, as in the seminal study.

Keywords: AADC deficiency; elodecagene exuparvovec; gene therapy; oculogyric crisis.