Thyromegaly: Not The Usual Cause

Cureus. 2023 Apr 18;15(4):e37750. doi: 10.7759/cureus.37750. eCollection 2023 Apr.


Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) of the thyroid is a very rare condition. Swelling of the neck is the usual presentation among patients. Of all thyroid malignancies, only a very small portion accounts for NHL of the thyroid. Here, we present two cases of diffuse large B-cell NHL of the thyroid. Preoperative diagnosis helps in the management of patients with chemotherapy, but in rare cases, surgical removal of the thyroid is done to reduce obstructive symptoms. The diagnosis is usually made based on fine-needle aspiration cytology and biopsy with immunohistochemistry. In these two cases, the patients presented with a history of a rapidly growing mass in the neck for three to four months, but the treatment modalities differed. In one of the cases, the patient received six cycles of chemotherapy, and in the other case, the patient underwent a total thyroidectomy, followed by six cycles of chemotherapy, though chemotherapy is the standard treatment option over surgical removal of the thyroid.

Keywords: diffuse large b-cell lymphoma; immunohistochemistry; non-hodgkin lymphoma of thyroid; thyroid malignancies; thyroid swelling.

Publication types

  • Case Reports