[Cardiac rhabdomyoma in familial tuberous sclerosis]

Helv Paediatr Acta. 1986 May;41(1-2):77-85.
[Article in German]


Case report of a previously healthy girl who presented at the age of 9 months a paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. Echocardiography revealed multiple cardiac tumors. The detection of a few hardly visible unpigmented patches of skin allowed the diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis with cardiac rhabdomyomas. Computerised tomography of the brain showed typical calcifications and multiple hypodense parenchymal lesions. In the further course of the disease, progressive multifocal epilepsy and severe retardation of psychomotor development occurred, angiofibromas appeared on the face, and a suspected angiomyolipoma on renal sonography. A very mild form of this autosomal dominant phacomatosis could be detected in the patient's mother. As cardiac rhabdomyomas and tuberous sclerosis are frequently associated, investigations for both these findings with modern methods of body imaging are recommended in order to allow early diagnosis and genetic counselling.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Echocardiography
  • Female
  • Heart Neoplasms / complications*
  • Heart Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Rhabdomyoma / complications*
  • Rhabdomyoma / diagnosis
  • Tachycardia, Paroxysmal / etiology*
  • Tuberous Sclerosis / complications
  • Tuberous Sclerosis / genetics*