Focal cutaneous vasculitis and alopecia at sites of rabies vaccination in dogs

J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1986 May 15;188(10):1174-7.


A focal cutaneous lesion developed at the site of previous rabies vaccine administration in 13 dogs. Ten of the affected dogs were Poodles. The interval between vaccination and first observation of the lesion varied from 3 to 6 months. Skin lesions were hyperpigmented, alopecic macules, 2 to 5 cm in diameter. The consistent histologic lesion was vasculitis affecting arterioles of the deep dermis and subcutis. Other histologic lesions included epidermal, follicular, and adnexal atrophy, hyperpigmentation, chronic septal panniculitis, fat necrosis, and focal lymphocytic nodules in the deep dermis and subcutis. Rabies-specific fluorescence was seen in the walls of dermal blood vessels and in the epithelium of hair follicles in each of 3 dogs tested. Immunoglobulin G was detected in similar locations in one of 3 dogs tested. No difference in serum neutralizing anti-rabies antibody titers were detected between 5 affected dogs tested and 4 clinically normal dogs.

MeSH terms

  • Alopecia / etiology
  • Alopecia / pathology
  • Alopecia / veterinary*
  • Animals
  • Dog Diseases / etiology*
  • Dog Diseases / pathology
  • Dogs
  • Rabies Vaccines / adverse effects*
  • Skin Diseases / etiology
  • Skin Diseases / pathology
  • Skin Diseases / veterinary*
  • Vasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous / etiology
  • Vasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous / pathology
  • Vasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous / veterinary*


  • Rabies Vaccines