Virtual Surgical Planning in Head and Neck Reconstruction

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2023 Aug;56(4):813-822. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2023.04.013. Epub 2023 May 21.


Virtual surgical planning is a revolutionary tool for the head and neck reconstructive surgeon. As with any tool, there are strengths and weaknesses. The strengths include shorter operative time, shorter ischemic time, streamlined dental rehabilitation, facilitation of complex reconstruction, non-inferior and possibly superior accuracy, and increased durability. The weaknesses are increased up-front costs, potential delays to operative management, limited flexibility on the day of surgery, and loss of familiarity with conventionally planned surgery.

Keywords: Computer-assisted design; Head and neck reconstruction; Microvascular free tissue transfer; Virtual surgical planning.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Free Tissue Flaps*
  • Head
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Mandibular Reconstruction*
  • Neck / surgery
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures*
  • Surgery, Computer-Assisted*