Ingestion of a mixed meal does not affect the metabolic clearance rate of biosynthetic human C-peptide

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1986 Aug;63(2):401-3. doi: 10.1210/jcem-63-2-401.

Abstract

The validity of C-peptide as a peripheral marker of insulin secretion during different physiological conditions depends on the demonstration that C-peptide clearance is constant under these circumstances. Recently biosynthetic human C-peptide, identical in structure to pancreatic human C-peptide, became available for use in human subjects. The present study was undertaken to determine if the metabolic clearance of C-peptide was altered by ingestion of a mixed meal. Eight insulin-dependent diabetic patients received constant iv infusions of biosynthetic human C-peptide which raised the plasma C-peptide concentration to a level of 3.8 +/- 0.2 (+/- SEM) pmol/ml. The MCR of C-peptide was 4.5 +/- 0.3 ml/kg X min. After steady state levels of C-peptide had been reached, each patient consumed a 530 calorie mixed meal. The plasma glucose concentration increased from a baseline value of 104.5 +/- 4.8 mg/dl to a 336 +/- 10 mg/dl 150 min later. This change in plasma glucose was not associated with a significant alteration in the plasma C-peptide concentration and the MCR of the infused C-peptide was not affected by meal ingestion (4.5 +/- 0.3 vs. 4.3 +/- 0.3 ml/kg X min). These results therefore support the validity of using C-peptide as a marker for changes in insulin secretion after mixed meals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • C-Peptide / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / blood*
  • Diet*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Clearance Rate
  • Recombinant Proteins / blood*

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • C-Peptide
  • Recombinant Proteins