Neuronal changes in the forebrain of mice following penetration by regenerating olfactory axons

J Comp Neurol. 1986 May 15;247(3):344-56. doi: 10.1002/cne.902470305.


Following total, unilateral bulbectomy in neonatal mice, the olfactory sensory axons regrow from a reconstituted population of sensory neurons, cross the lamina cribrosa, and invade the spared forebrain that has leaned forward toward the anteroventral wall of the cranial cavity. The sensory axons invade several regions of the spared forebrain, at times penetrating deeply into the brain parenchyma. These axons terminate in characteristic globose structures resembling the glomeruli of the olfactory bulb. However, they can be distinguished from the latter by the absence of periglomerular cells. These ectopic glomerular structures are formed by the commingling of the olfactory axon terminals and the dendrites of brain neurons that lie in their proximity. Previously we have established that synaptic contacts occur between the sensory axon terminals and the dendrites of the brain neurons. Our present study describes large neurons, resembling mitral cells, that expand their dendrites into the intracerebral glomeruli. These neurons are recognized by virtue of their relatively large diameter, their selective stainability with silver methods, and the unorthodox arrangement of their dendrites in comparison with the neurons of the region. Their appearance is contingent upon the presence of ectopic glomeruli. The possibility is discussed that the large argyrophilic neurons may be derived from developing neuronal elements of the brain.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Ambystoma mexicanum
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Mice
  • Olfactory Bulb / physiology*
  • Regeneration*
  • Xenopus laevis