Radiofrequency personal exposimetry during outdoor entertainment of young adults: a case study

Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2023 May 24;199(8-9):865-871. doi: 10.1093/rpd/ncad087.


Radiofrequency (RF) exposure has grown substantially over time in the public area. Personal dosimetry measurements are intended to estimate how human RF exposure relates to exposure limits that do not pose a health risk. For our case study, an outdoor festival was chosen to assess realistic RF exposure of young adults during their entertainment. Band-selective RF exposure-sorted along 2G-4G uplinks and downlinks, 5G and Wi-Fi bands-was evaluated. Electric field strength data subsets were classified on the basis of activities as well as crowd density. 2G contributed the most to the overall RF exposure. Highest RF exposure was associated with attendance in a concert. In moderately crowded situations, RF exposure was higher than in the most crowded ones. However, the total measured electric field values were higher than in other outdoor environment, but still far below the national and international directives of regulatory RF-EMF exposure limits.

MeSH terms

  • Environment*
  • Humans
  • Radio Waves*
  • Young Adult