Analysis of Factors Associated with Outcomes of Bariatric Surgery: rs1800497 ANKK1, rs1799732 DRD2 Genetic Polymorphisms, Eating Behavior, Hedonic Hunger, and Depressive Symptoms

J Gastrointest Surg. 2023 May 25. doi: 10.1007/s11605-023-05699-5. Online ahead of print.


Introduction: A therapeutic approach to severe obesity is bariatric surgery (BS), which is considered an effective intervention for ameliorating comorbidities such as T2DM, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular diseases. Some polymorphisms are considered markers for addictive disorders and hedonic hunger. We analyzed factors associated with the outcomes of BS, including rs1800497 ANKK1 and rs1799732 DRD2 polymorphisms, eating behavior, hedonic hunger, and depressive symptoms.

Methods: We retrospectively selected 101 patients who underwent BS and agreed to participate. The previous conditions to BS, such as body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and comorbidities, were registered; the scholarship value was evaluated as the total number of years of scholarly education. To evaluate the post-surgery conditions of the participants, we took blood samples, anthropometric measures, and 3 questionnaires to evaluate eating behavior (TFEQ-R18), hedonic hunger (PFS), and depressive symptoms (PHQ-9). The ANKK1 rs1800497 and rs1799732 DRD2 polymorphisms were genotyped.

Results: The median total weight loss (TWL) was 34.7 kg, with a BMI of 33.8 kg/m2, 6 (4-8) years after BS. The TWL was positively associated with the TFEQ-R18 score (p = 0.006) and negatively associated with triglycerides (p = 0.011). rs1800497 ANKK1 was associated with TFEQ-R18 (OR = 1.13 (1.02-1.25), p = 0.009). We also found a negative correlation of pre-surgery BMI with scholarship (r = - 0.27, p < 0.05).

Conclusion: The patients showed an improvement in metabolic and anthropometric parameters post-surgery. Interestingly, the ANKK1 Taq1A polymorphism was associated with eating behavior and scholarship with pre-surgery BMI, which may be considered predictors of BS outcomes.

Keywords: Bariatric surgery; DRD2 polymorphisms; Depressive symptoms; Eating behavior; Obesity.