A model to improve user acceptance of e-services in healthcare systems based on technology acceptance model: an empirical study

J Ambient Intell Humaniz Comput. 2023;14(6):7919-7935. doi: 10.1007/s12652-023-04601-0. Epub 2023 Apr 7.


Improving the quality of electronic services (e-services) is essential when dealing with unforeseen factors and uncertainties in healthcare, such as the outbreak of coronavirus (COVID-19) and changes in the needs and expectations of patients. This paper presents a comprehensive conceptual model in healthcare systems for improving the user acceptance of e-services. A model referred to as the technology acceptance model (TAM) is considered that includes several factors. The factors are computer literacy, website quality, service quality, user attitude, perceived enjoyment, and user satisfaction. According to the collected data and the performed analysis, the fit indices of this survey reveal that the conceptual model has an acceptable fit. The findings are as follows. Computer literacy has positive effects on perceived enjoyment and ease of use. Website quality has positive effects on perceived enjoyment, ease of use, and user satisfaction. Perceived enjoyment has a positive effect on perceived usefulness. Ease of use has positive effects on the usefulness, willingness to use e-services, and user attitude. User satisfaction has a positive effect on user attitude. Perceived usefulness has a positive effect on the willingness to use e-services. Finally, among these variables, only the user attitude has no significant effect on the willingness to use e-services in the healthcare system. Therefore, to promote performance quality and to motivate people to use e-services, healthcare managers should improve these factors.

Keywords: Computer literacy; Healthcare systems; Service quality; Technology acceptance model (TAM); Website quality; Willingness to use electronic services (e-services).