Antimicrobial profile of coagulase-negative staphylococcus isolates from categories of individuals at a neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital, Ghana

Pan Afr Med J. 2023 Feb 16:44:92. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2023.44.92.37229. eCollection 2023.


Introduction: we compared the antimicrobial resistance profile of young infants' clinical isolates (from blood samples) of Staphylococcus epidermidis and haemolyticus with those colonizing mothers, clinical staff, and students. Also, screened for resistance to the watch and reserve classified groups, antibiotics not prescribed in the Ho Teaching Hospital (HTH), Ghana.

Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted from March to June 2018 to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of twenty-one antimicrobials for 123 isolates consisting of 54 S. epidermidis and 69 S. haemolyticus cultured from the participants. VITEK 2 was used for antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Staphylococcal species were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF). Statistical analysis was done with Grad-Pad prism.

Results: for S. epidermidis, clinical staff isolates have the highest methicillin-resistant (65%), followed by young infants' (50%) and mothers' and students' twenty-five percent each. Both young infants and clinical staff's Staphylococcus haemolyticus isolates have 100% methicillin-resistant, while mothers' and students' ones have 82% and 63%, respectively. We have identified resistance to one watch (teicoplanin), two reserves (tigecycline and fosfomycin) antimicrobial groups, and mupirocin, an unclassified group.

Conclusion: identifying coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) resistance to watch and reserve groups of antimicrobials in a non-previously exposed hospital calls for further studies to determine molecular mechanisms of resistance to these antimicrobials.

Keywords: Rational use; antibiotic; epidemiology; neonatal intensive care unit.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
  • Coagulase* / analysis
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Ghana
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Staphylococcal Infections* / drug therapy
  • Staphylococcal Infections* / epidemiology
  • Staphylococcus
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis
  • Tertiary Care Centers


  • Coagulase
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents