Recommendations for the development, implementation, and reporting of control interventions in efficacy and mechanistic trials of physical, psychological, and self-management therapies: the CoPPS Statement
BMJ. 2023 May 25;381:e072108.
1 Pain Research, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK email@example.com.
2 Research Department, University College of Osteopathy, London, UK.
3 Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, School of Business and Social Sciences, Aarhus University, Denmark.
4 Health Psychology Section, Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London; INPUT Pain Management Unit, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
5 Italian National Research Council, Interdepartmental Centre for Research Ethics and Integrity, Rome, Italy.
6 Department of Arts and Music, College of Human Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa.
7 Institute for Complementary and Integrative Medicine, University Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Switzerland.
8 Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Department of Physiotherapy, University of Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
9 Centrer for Integrative and Complementary Medicine, Pain Center, Division of Anesthesiology, Sense Institute, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne University, Lausanne, Switzerland.
10 Department of Physical Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville FL, USA; Brooks-PHHP Research Collaboration, Jacksonville, FL, USA.
11 IIMPACT in Health, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
12 Danish Pain Research Centre, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
13 Research Department of Clinical, Educational & Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK.
14 Department of Neuroscience Rita Levi Montalcini, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.
15 Foundation COME Collaboration, University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy.
16 Department for Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Institute of Health and Society, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
17 Osher Center for Integrative Health, Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
18 Department of Pain and Translational Symptom Science, School of Nursing; Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine; University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA.
19 Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute for Disability and Rehabilitation Research, Ontario Tech University, Oshawa, ON, Canada.
20 Stanford Pain Relief Innovations Lab; Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.
21 Integrative Health & Wellbeing Research Program; Center for Spirituality and Healing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
22 Centre Européen d'Enseignement Supérieur de l'Ostéopathie, Paris, France.
23 Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Smell & Taste Clinic, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, TU Dresden, Dresden, Germany; Brain and Eye Pain Imaging Lab, Pain and Affective Neuroscience Center, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
24 Department of Chiropractic, Faculty of Medicine, Health and Human Sciences, Macquarie University, NSW, Australia.
25 Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Department of General Practice, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Care and Public Health Research Institute (CAPHRI), Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands.
26 Department Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany.
27 Centre for Health, Exercise & Sports Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
28 Center for Health Humanities, School of Arts and Sciences, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Boston MA, USA.
29 Health Psychology, KU Leuven; Ebpracticenet, Leuven, Belgium.
30 Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
31 BC Patient Safety & Quality Council's Patient Voices Network; Health Research BC's Partnership-Ready Network; Health Standards Organization's Emergency Management Technical Committee & Working Group.
32 Duke University, School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.
33 Departments of Psychiatry, Neurology, and Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.
34 Division of Psychosomatics and Psychiatry, University Children's Hospital Zurich; Division of Child and Adolescent Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
35 Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Chiropractic Knowledge Hub, Odense, Denmark.
36 Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles CA, USA.
37 College of Arts, Sciences, and Letters, Behavioral Sciences, University of Michigan, Dearborn, MI, USA.
38 National Research Centre in Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Science UiT, Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
39 AECC University College, Bournemouth, UK.
40 Pain Management Research Institute, University of Sydney Medical School (Northern) and Kolling Institute of Medical Research at Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, Australia.
41 Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
42 Diagnostic and Technology Department, Neuroradiology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan, Italy; Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.
43 Unit Health, Medical and Neuropsychology, Leiden University, Leiden, the Netherlands.
44 Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, University Hospital Münster, Münster, Germany.
45 Able Body Health Clinic, Lethbridge, AB, Canada.
46 University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK.
47 Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health, University of Genoa, Campus of Savona, Savona, Italy; School of Physiotherapy, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.
48 Warwick Clinical Trials Unit; University of Warwick, Coventry, UK; University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire, Coventry, UK.
49 School of Health Sciences Fribourg, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland, Switzerland.
50 Pain Research, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK; Division of Neurological Pain Research and Therapy, Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Germany; Neurophysiology, Mannheim Centre of Translational Neuroscience, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Germany; Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, University Hospital Muenster, Germany.
51 Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK.
52 Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Ulm University Medical Centre, Ulm, Germany.
53 School of Psychology, Faculty of Science, University of Sydney, Australia; Department of Clinical Research, University Hospital Basel, Switzerland.
54 Pain Research, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK.
55 National Council for Osteopathic Research, London, UK.