Paper and screen media in current health education practices aimed at older adults: a scoping review protocol

BMJ Open. 2023 May 25;13(5):e068762. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-068762.


Introduction: With technological advancement and the COVID-19 pandemic, paper-based media are giving way to screen-based media to promote healthy ageing. However, there is no review available covering paper and screen media use by older people, so the objective of this review is to map the current use of paper-based and/or screen-based media for health education aimed at older people.

Methods and analysis: The literature will be searched in Scopus, Web of Science, Medline, Embase, Cinahl, The ACM Guide to Computing Literature and Psyinfo databases. Studies in English, Portuguese, Italian or Spanish published from 2012 to the date of the search will be examined. In addition, an additional strategy will be carried out, which will be a Google Scholar search, in which the first 300 studies according to Google's relevance algorithm will be verified. The terms used in the search strategy will be focused on older adults, health education, paper-based and screen-based media, preferences, intervention and other related terms. This review will include studies where the average age of the participants was 60 years or older and were users of health education strategies through paper-based or screen-based media. Two reviewers will carry out the selection of studies in five steps: identification of studies and removal of duplicates, pilot test, selection by reading titles and abstracts, full-text inclusion and search for additional sources. A third reviewer will resolve disagreements. To record information from the included studies, a data extraction form will be used. The quantitative data will be presented in a descriptive way and the qualitative data through Bardin's content analysis.

Ethics and dissemination: Ethical approval is not applicable to the scoping review. The results will be disseminated through presentations at significant scientific events and published in journals in the area.

Protocol registration number: Open science framework (DOI: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/GKEAH).

Keywords: biotechnology & bioinformatics; health informatics; preventive medicine; protocols & guidelines; public health.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Algorithms
  • COVID-19* / epidemiology
  • Data Accuracy
  • Health Education
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Pandemics
  • Research Design
  • Review Literature as Topic