Association of Psoriasis With Hearing Loss: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

J Cutan Med Surg. 2023 Jul-Aug;27(4):330-339. doi: 10.1177/12034754231177613. Epub 2023 May 25.


Background: The relation between psoriasis and hearing loss has been unclear.

Objective: To investigate the association of psoriasis with hearing loss.

Methods: We searched MEDLINE and Embase on 12th November 2022 for studies on the association between psoriasis and hearing loss. We conducted a random-effects model meta-analysis to calculate pooled mean difference (MD) in the pure tone thresholds, pooled odds ratio for sensorineural hearing loss, and pooled hazard ratio for sudden sensorineural hearing loss related to psoriasis.

Results: We included 12 case-control/cross-sectional and 3 cohort studies with 202,683 subjects. Psoriasis was associated with hearing loss at 500 Hz (pooled MD 2.21, 95% CI (CI) 0.13 to 4.29), 1000 Hz (pooled MD 2.97, 95% CI 1.01 to 4.93), 2000 Hz (pooled MD 5.13, 95% CI 2.45 to 7.82), 4000 Hz (pooled MD 9.3, 95% CI 5.1 to 13.51), and 6000 Hz (pooled MD 11.04, 95% CI 5.05 to 17.03). Patients with psoriasis had increased odds for sensorineural hearing loss (pooled odds ratio 3.85, 95% CI 1.07-13.9) and risk for sudden sensorineural hearing loss (pooled hazard ratio 1.45; 95% CI 1.22-1.71).

Conclusion: Psoriasis is associated with hearing loss, especially at high frequencies.

Keywords: hearing loss; meta-analysis; psoriasis; psoriatic arthritis; systematic review.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Cohort Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural* / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Psoriasis* / complications
  • Psoriasis* / epidemiology