An 8-year-old male neutered American English Coonhound was presented for a 2-day history of increased respiratory effort and rate with an occasional cough. Thoracic radiographs noted pleural effusion, which was chylous based on cytological and chemical evaluation. The dog also had a 2-year history of a slow growing fatty mass in the right cervical region. A CT scan confirmed the large cervical fat attenuating mass extending from the base of the skull to the cranial thorax and right axillary region with compression of vascular structures. Severe bilateral effusion and secondary pulmonary atelectasis was noted within the thoracic cavity. It was elected to surgically remove the cervical mass and place a PleuralPort within the thoracic cavity. The mass was diagnosed as a lipoma and its removal led to rapid and complete resolution of chylothorax. Based on the literature search, this is the first case report of chylothorax secondary to a cervical mass or subcutaneous lipoma.
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