The Role of Self-Efficacy, Task Value, and Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations in Students' Feedback Engagement in English Learning

Behav Sci (Basel). 2023 May 19;13(5):428. doi: 10.3390/bs13050428.


Drawing on Wigfield and Eccles's motivational theory, which is acclaimed for explaining individual behavioral intentions, this study investigated the extent to which different forms of motivation (i.e., self-efficacy, task value, and intrinsic and extrinsic motivations) predicted student behavioral feedback engagement (i.e., action on teacher feedback and feedback seeking) in English learning. The participants were 276 male and female students who were enrolled in a second-year full-time English language and literature program at two Chinese universities. Multiple regression analyses showed that task value emerged as the only motivational variable that significantly predicted both students' action on teacher feedback and feedback seeking. Intrinsic motivation significantly predicted action on teacher feedback, whereas extrinsic motivation and self-efficacy significantly predicted feedback seeking. Pedagogical implications for endeavors to support students in their engagement with feedback in learning English as a foreign language in China are discussed.

Keywords: intrinsic and extrinsic motivations; multiple regression analyses; self-efficacy; task value beliefs.