MiR-30e-5p deficiency exerts an inhibitory effect on inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis via regulating Atl2 expression

Arch Rheumatol. 2022 Nov 17;38(1):119-128. doi: 10.46497/ArchRheumatol.2023.9526. eCollection 2023 Mar.


Objectives: This study aims to investigate the inflammatory effect of the microRNA (miRNA) miR-30e-5p on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) development in RA mice and fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS).

Materials and methods: MiR-30e-5p and atlastin GTPase 2 (Atl2) expression in RA tissues and RA-FLS was evaluated using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The function of miR-30e-5p in inflammation of RA mice and RA-FLS was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blotting. 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay was used to detect RA-FLS proliferation. Luciferase reporter assay was to confirm the interaction between miR-30e-5p and Atl2.

Results: MiR-30e-5p expression was upregulated in the tissues from RA mice. Silencing miR-30e-5p alleviated inflammation in RA mice and RA-FLS. MiR-30e-5p negatively modulated Atl2 expression. Atl2 knockdown exerted a proinflammatory effect on RA-FLS. Atl2 knockdown rescued the inhibitory effect of miR-30e-5p knockdown on proliferation and inflammatory response of RA-FLS.

Conclusion: MiR-30e-5p knockdown inhibited the inflammatory response in RA mice and RA-FLS through Atl2.

Keywords: Atl2; MiR-30e-5p; fibroblast-like synoviocytes; inflammatory response; rheumatoid arthritis..