Transcultural sexology: formicophilia, a newly named paraphilia in a young Buddhist male

J Sex Marital Ther. 1986 Summer;12(2):139-45. doi: 10.1080/00926238608415401.


Children whose species-specific, juvenile sexual rehearsal play is thwarted or traumatized are at risk for developing a compensatory paraphilia. The case of a Buddhist male exemplifies the cross-cultural application of this principle. His syndrome, formicophilia, was endogenously generated without reference to or influence by commercial pornography. The complete causal explanation of paraphilia will require both a phylogenetic (phylismic) and an ontogenetic (life-history) component. The treatment of paraphilia may combine an antiandrogenic hormone with sexological counseling.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Buddhism
  • Culture*
  • Grief
  • Humans
  • Insecta
  • Male
  • Masturbation
  • Paraphilic Disorders / psychology*
  • Paraphilic Disorders / therapy
  • Psychotherapy
  • Self Concept
  • Social Isolation