A New Simplified Autogenous Sinus Lift Technique

Bioengineering (Basel). 2023 Apr 23;10(5):505. doi: 10.3390/bioengineering10050505.


Oral maxillofacial rehabilitation of the atrophic maxilla with or without pneumatization of the maxillary sinuses routinely presents limited bone availability. This indicates the need for vertical and horizontal bone augmentation. The standard and most used technique is maxillary sinus augmentation using distinct techniques. These techniques may or may not rupture the sinus membrane. Rupture of the sinus membrane increases the risk of acute or chronic contamination of the graft, implant, and maxillary sinus. The surgical procedure for maxillary sinus autograft involves two stages: removal of the autograft and preparation of the bone site for the graft. A third stage is often added to place the osseointegrated implants. This is because it was not possible to do this at the same time as the graft surgery. A new bioactive kinetic screw (BKS) bone implant model is presented that simplifies and effectively performs autogenous grafting, sinus augmentation, and implant fixation in a single step. In the absence of a minimum vertical bone height of 4 mm in the region to be implanted, an additional surgical procedure is performed to harvest bone from the retro-molar trigone region of the mandible to provide additional bone. The feasibility and simplicity of the proposed technique were demonstrated in experimental studies in synthetic maxillary bone and sinus. A digital torque meter was used to measure MIT and MRT during implant insertion and removal. The amount of bone graft was determined by weighing the bone material collected by the new BKS implant. The technique proposed here demonstrated the benefits and limitations of the new BKS implant for maxillary sinus augmentation and installation of dental implants simultaneously.

Keywords: dental implant; scaffold; sinus lift.

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.