Purpose: to assess the vasculature and thickness of the macula using OCT-A in patients who had experienced a previous episode of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) or non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION).
Methods: twelve eyes with chronic LHON and ten eyes with chronic NA-AION and eight NA-AION fellow eyes were examined using OCT-A. The vessel density was measured in the superficial and deep plexus of the retina. Moreover, the full and inner thicknesses of the retina were assessed.
Results: There were significant differences in all sectors between the groups in regard to the superficial vessel density and the inner and full thicknesses of the retina. The nasal sector of the macular superficial vessel density was affected more in LHON than in NA-AION; the same with the temporal sector of the retinal thickness. There were no significant differences between the groups in the deep vessel plexus. There were no significant differences between the vasculature of the inferior and superior hemifields of the macula in all groups and no correlation with the visual function.
Conclusions: The superficial perfusion and structure of the macula assessed with OCT-A are affected both in chronic LHON and NA-AION, but more in LHON eyes, especially in the nasal and temporal sectors.
Keywords: Leber hereditary optic neuropathy; OCT-A; microvascular dysfunction; non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy.