Amalia Revisited-A Reanalysis of Amalia's Dreams with the Method Structural Dream Analysis

Brain Sci. 2023 May 12;13(5):796. doi: 10.3390/brainsci13050796.


Since Freud's "The interpretation of Dreams", working with dreams has continued to play a major role in psychoanalysis, though different perspectives have developed about the function and meaning of dreams. This controversy is discussed on the background of findings in empirical as well as clinical dream research. In this paper, the research method Structural Dream Analysis is introduced which investigates the changes in structure of dreams over the course of psychotherapy. The method is applied to the specimen case Amalia X, which is considered to be the best investigated case in the history of psychotherapy research. Based on the results from this case and from other studies, the implications for psychoanalytic dream theories, namely those of Jung and Freud, are discussed.

Keywords: Structural Dream Analysis; dreams in psychotherapy; empirical and clinical dream research; psychoanalytic dream theories; psychotherapy process research.

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.