Non-linear association between body weight and functional outcome after acute ischemic stroke

Sci Rep. 2023 May 29;13(1):8697. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-35894-y.


This study aimed to determine whether body weight is associated with functional outcome after acute ischemic stroke. We measured the body mass index (BMI) and assessed clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The BMI was categorized into underweight (< 18.5 kg/m2), normal weight (18.5-22.9 kg/m2), overweight (23.0-24.9 kg/m2), and obesity (≥ 25.0 kg/m2). The association between BMI and a poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score: 3-6) was evaluated. We included 11,749 patients with acute ischemic stroke (70.3 ± 12.2 years, 36.1% women). The risk of a 3-month poor functional outcome was higher for underweight, lower for overweight, and did not change for obesity in reference to a normal weight even after adjusting for covariates by logistic regression analysis. Restricted cubic splines and SHapley Additive exPlanation values in eXtreme Gradient Boosting model also showed non-linear relationships. Associations between BMI and a poor functional outcome were maintained even after excluding death (mRS score: 3-5) or including mild disability (mRS score: 2-6) as the outcome. The associations were strong in older patients, non-diabetic patients, and patients with mild stroke. Body weight has a non-linear relationship with the risk of a poor functional outcome after acute ischemic stroke.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ischemic Stroke* / complications
  • Male
  • Obesity / complications
  • Overweight
  • Risk Factors
  • Stroke*
  • Thinness / complications
  • Treatment Outcome