Utilization of Electrodeionization for Lithium Removal

ACS Omega. 2023 May 10;8(20):17583-17590. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c08095. eCollection 2023 May 23.


In this work, usage of a hybrid polymeric ion exchange resin and a polymeric ion exchange membrane in the same unit to remove Li+ from aqueous solutions was reported. The effects of the applied potential difference to the electrodes, the flow rate of the Li-containing solution, the presence of coexisting ions (Na+, K+, Ca2+, Ba2+, and Mg2+), and the influence of the electrolyte concentration in the anode and cathode chambers on Li+ removal were investigated. At 20 V, 99% of Li+ was removed from the Li-containing solution. In addition, a decrease in the flow rate of the Li-containing solution from 2 to 1 L/h resulted in a decrease in the removal rate from 99 to 94%. Similar results were obtained when the concentration of Na2SO4 was decreased from 0.01 to 0.005 M. The selectivity test showed that the simultaneous presence of monovalent ions such as Na+ and K+ did not change the removal rate of Li+. However, the presence of divalent ions, Ca2+, Mg2+, and Ba2+, reduced the removal rate of Li+. Under optimal conditions, the mass transport coefficient of Li+ was found as 5.39 × 10-4 m/s, and the specific energy consumption was found as 106.2 W h/g LiCl. Electrodeionization provided stable performance in terms of the removal rate and transport of Li+ from the central compartment to the cathode compartment.