Epidermal mitotic activity during tissue expansion has been assessed in the guinea pig using tritiated thymidine and other confirmatory techniques. Implant inflation results in a threefold elevation of epidermal mitotic activity within 24 hours, followed by a gradual return to normal baseline over 2 to 5 days. Implant deflation, conversely, causes a transient decrease in epidermal mitotic activity. Neither of these phenomena has been previously described. It confirms previous animal studies which illustrate the highly responsive nature of the epidermis to physical stimuli and supports the view that tissue expansion is a highly useful manipulation of normal physiologic processes.