Disorders of facial recognition, social behaviour and affect after combined bilateral amygdalotomy and subcaudate tractotomy--a clinical and experimental study

Psychol Med. 1986 May;16(2):439-50. doi: 10.1017/s0033291700009272.


A case of a 37-year-old patient, 10 years after bilateral amygdalotomy and subcaudate tractotomy for chronic self-mutilation, is described. The clinical picture revealed a complex mental state, including disorders of facial recognition, social behaviour, affect and elements of the Kluver-Bucy syndrome. Mild selective deficits were demonstrated psychometrically in the recognition of familiar and unfamiliar faces. Certain features have been described in rhesus monkeys, but have not previously been reported in humans. Primate studies are discussed, with particular reference to the role of the amygdala in facial recognition.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amygdala / surgery*
  • Caudate Nucleus / surgery*
  • Depersonalization / psychology
  • Depressive Disorder / surgery*
  • Face
  • Female
  • Form Perception*
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Mood Disorders / psychology
  • Neural Pathways / surgery
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / psychology*
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / surgery*
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual*
  • Social Behavior Disorders / psychology*
  • Social Support
  • Stereotyped Behavior
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed